The issue of how to care for the newborn baby’s skin and how to protect it from rashes and skin diseases is a very sensitive issue for mothers. Since newborn skin is particularly sensitive, it is necessary to know what to do or not to do in skin care. This article contains information on the protection and care of the silky skin of newborn babies.
Bath Time for Babies
Babies need to be bathed in warm water two to three times a week to stay clean. The first step to a great baby bath is to find the perfect temperature and then not fill the tub with more than 2-3 inches of water. To prevent the baby from getting cold while bathing, water should be poured regularly on his small shoulders. A soft cloth should be dipped in water prepared with soap for babies and rubbed gently on the skin. Afterwards, the baby’s scalp should be washed gently with baby shampoo. To clean your face, moisten a cotton ball and rub it gently.
To get the baby out of the tub, one hand should hold the bottom of the neck to support the head, and the other hand should be supported from below with the fingers around one thigh. It should be wrapped in a hooded bathrobe and after drying, baby lotion should be applied immediately to keep the skin from drying out.
Changing the Diaper
The diaper changing routine should not be allowed to turn into a nightmare for mothers and a painful experience for the baby. The diaper can be changed without any problems by sticking to some simple tips. The baby’s diaper should be changed frequently, the changing process should be done slowly and should be thoroughly cleaned each time with wet wipes. Care should be taken to ensure that the wet wipes used are specially prepared for baby skin. Before the diaper is attached, the cream should be applied and the light skin should be waited to absorb. Waiting for a few minutes to air dry will prevent an irritating rash. Make sure to buy a quality unscented diaper in a size that will be very tight and does not cause friction.
Paying Attention to Care Products Used
It is best to use skin care products made specifically for babies, such as unscented and tear-free shampoos, bath gels and lotions. If any product used is allergic, the baby will react and any unusual reaction should be carefully monitored. It is important to keep baby’s skin moist, so it is always recommended to use some lotion. Ointments with a thicker consistency are even better at keeping baby’s skin soft. Contrary to popular belief, if the baby’s skin is allowed some time to dry, there is no need to use baby powders. If it is still desired to use it, a little powder can be sprinkled lightly on the lower part of the baby. Perfumed, antibacterial and deodorant soaps should be avoided.
Paying Attention to the Weather
Babies can be exposed to sunlight when they are 6 months old, but sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30 should be applied to the entire exposed skin. For best protection, apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outside. Because babies are very sensitive to rash since they have not developed with sweat glands. To prevent this, loose clothing and a hat to protect the sun should be worn.
Since winter weather is dry air, it can damage the baby’s skin, so a humidifier should be used to keep the air moist. In addition, your baby should be given plenty of water to stay hydrated in cold and dry months. It is a good idea to dress the baby in layers throughout the year so that suitable clothing can be easily changed to protect him from sunlight, heat or cold. However, care should be taken not to use scented laundry detergents that can irritate your skin.
How to Protect Baby’s Skin in Winter?
Even a slight cold makes baby skin red and sensitive. The exposed skin, fingers and toes of babies are particularly sensitive. When babies have a cold, it’s a natural reaction that their body sends less blood to their extremities to keep their vital organs warm. For this reason, gloves, a hat or a hat should be worn on the baby and it should not stay outside too much. The windbreaker on the stroller should be lowered to prevent wind. If your baby’s skin looks red, a warm bath should be taken and a doctor should be consulted if the skin color is not normal within a few hours. Apart from these, the following points should be considered:
Babies’ lip edges are always wet thanks to drooling, lip licking and dripping noses, and this moisture can break up the protective upper layer of the skin. According to experts, this leaves the lips vulnerable to cold and windy weather. Therefore, a barrier should be created against these elements on the lips and a thin layer of petroleum jelly or lip balm should be applied to moisturize the lips if they are chapped.
The rash isn’t just a summertime occurrence. If the baby is unnecessarily thick or wrapped, it may overheat in winter. Itchy red bumps appear when small sweat glands become clogged. Therefore, it should be dressed in breathable layers and if it is warm, a layer should be removed. If a 1 percent hydrocortisone preparation is used to aid in itching, the rash will go away on its own after a few days.
Reddened, chapped skin, such as the folds in the wrists, it usually hits the face, the base or the points where the skin rubs. Cracked skin is basically dry skin that becomes inflamed and can be caused by many factors. These factors include wind, friction from clothing, drooling on the chin, runny nose, or wet diaper. Using a thick moisturizer such as Vaseline on your baby’s cheeks (or other problem areas) will increase his natural barrier and help treat his chapped skin.
Red, scaly skin may appear on any part of the baby’s body, especially on the face. This is particularly common in winter, as cold weather does not carry as much moisture as warm air. The best solution is to bathe the baby every day using very warm water. Avoid soap or shampoo that contains fragrance or alcohol. It is also an effective solution to apply a perfumed moisturizer to your skin within two minutes after bathing.
Extremely dry, itchy skin is often seen in babies with a family history. Babies with eczema have an inadequate barrier to their skin to keep moisture in and irritants out. Like the usual dry skin, eczema tends to flare up during the winter months. Exposing baby’s skin to water twice a day will help keep it moist. When washing it, a soap-free cleanser should be used only on the armpits, back, groin and feet, and water should be used to wash the rest of her body. Within two minutes after taking it out of the tub, moisturizing cream or ointment should be applied. If the eczema doesn’t get better, a prescription anti-inflammatory cream may be given by your doctor.
Host is a very common condition that occurs when the sebaceous glands in the scalp begin to overdrive. Oily yellowish scales can adhere to the scalp, hairline, and skin behind the ears. The host is harmless and will disappear spontaneously when the baby is 6 to 8 months old. If the mother is uncomfortable with this situation, she can rub the baby or olive oil on her scalp to loosen the host, and then carefully brush it with a soft cloth or brush before shampooing. It may also be beneficial to use specially formulated shampoos prepared for the host.
Do not forget to use sunscreen in winter because UV rays are still strong. A broad spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher should be chosen. Care should be taken that this sunscreen contains physical inhibitors such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide in the first six months.
How to Protect Baby’s Skin During Summer?
It may be helpful to note the following points on how to protect the newborn baby’s skin during the summer months.
• Sunscreen: Sunscreen should be used even in small babies. The American Academy of Pediatrics has approved sunscreen for babies 6 months and younger. Sun cream should be applied to the baby’s face and body 20 minutes before going out.
• Being Careful: Since the baby is very small, there is no opportunity to say that it is affected by the sun and even minor sunburns should be avoided. If her skin looks red, she may already be burned and should be taken inside immediately.
• Staying in the shade: The baby may be allowed to stand outside, but direct exposure to the sun should be limited. An umbrella or tent should be brought to the beach, park or pool and care should be taken that these are specially designed to filter out UV rays. Care should be taken to protect the baby with a wide-brimmed hat, tightly woven full-length clothing and sunglasses, and care should be taken not to stay outside in the middle of the day.
• Testing for Allergies: First, a small amount of lotion should be applied to the baby’s skin to see if the baby has an allergy. Para-aminobenzoic (PABA) is the component most commonly associated with allergic reactions. A test can also be done for cinnamates, benzophenones, and anthranilate. If the baby’s skin becomes irritated, choose a product containing other ingredients.
• Choosing High Factor Sunscreen: Products with SPF below 15 do not prevent overexposure to UV rays. For the best protection, the baby should be lubricated with a high SPF product every two hours while outside. If your baby is sweating or is swimming, it should be reapplied every 40 minutes. The ears, knees and the back of the hands should be definitely covered, remember to use sunscreen even on cloudy and cool days.